Step-by-Step Guide: Preparing Firewood

  1. Gather materials: Collect dry and dead branches and twigs of various sizes while on your hike or while setting up camp. Avoid using green wood or branches from live trees, as they will not burn well and can damage the ecosystem.

  2. Create a fire ring: Clear a spot for your fire, and use stones or rocks to create a ring that will contain the fire and prevent it from spreading.

  3. Build a fire lay: Start by placing small twigs and branches in the center of the fire ring to create a base for the fire. Then add larger branches and logs, leaning them against each other in a teepee shape.

  4. Add tinder: Make a small pile of dry leaves, grass, or other small, dry, and fibrous materials in the center of the fire lay, on top of the twigs and branches.

  5. Light the fire: Use matches, a fire starter, or a fire steel to ignite the tinder. Gently blow on the tinder to help it catch fire.

  6. Add more wood: As the fire begins to grow, add more branches and logs to keep it burning. Be mindful of the size of the fire and never leave it unattended.

  7. Extinguish the fire: When you're done with the fire, make sure to completely extinguish it by pouring water over it and stirring the ashes until they are cool to the touch. Scatter the ashes and dispose of any trash or leftover wood properly.

  8. Follow the camping rules and regulations: Make sure to check with the local authorities or the park rangers about the fire regulations and fire restrictions in the area before you start a fire. Also, always follow the "Leave No Trace" principle, make sure to not damage the environment and leave the campsite better than you found it.